Immunization & De-Woming Schedule

Elm tree doodles

One of the cornerstones of good health for your puppy is regular veterinary care. It is crucial that your puppy maintains a nutritional diet and exercise routine to stay healthy and balanced. Plus, your vet can advise on heartworm, flea and tick preventative care. While a lot goes into keeping your puppy in good health, it all begins with the first visit to the vet.

 

Do not expose your puppy to "outside" animals until its immunity is fully up and running (after their third and final set of shots at the vets).  If you are out for a walk and meet another dog, pick up your puppy.  The other dog might have all it’s shots – but you do not know who/what it has been in contact with and it could be a carrier of something.  Pet stores encourage you to bring your puppy’s in, but do not until they are fully vaccinated to prevent any issues that might happen.

 

When Should My Puppy Be Vaccinated?

There are many diseases that are fatal to dogs. Fortunately, we have the ability to prevent many of these by the use of very effective vaccines. In order to be effective, these vaccines must be given as a series of injections. Ideally, they are given at about 6-8, 12, and 16 weeks of age, 

Rabies vaccine is given at 12 weeks of age. Our puppy package includes all the necessary vaccinations for your puppy.

Do not forget to get rabies shots as required by law!

• Do continue with vaccinations and heartworm medicine 

 

Worms - your puppy has been wormed according to the Veterinarian Association for Parasite Control; at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 6 weeks and again at vaccination time. Your puppy should be free from worms but repeat wormings are a must, in order to kill any remaining or newly introduced live worms. Remember, you cannot kill the eggs, only the hatched live worm. This is why you must continue the wormings. The puppy should be wormed at ten weeks and at twelve weeks. Thereafter, fecal exams to check for worm infestation should be done by your veterinarian at his/her recommended scheduling.

 

Immunizations - are vaccinations administered with the intent to provide immunity to your pet. They are used to protect your pet against particular diseases. The following diseases are briefly explained below:

Rabies - Rabies is a disease caused by a virus that attacks the brain. It can affect any warm- blooded animal, including dogs and humans. It is almost always fatal. The Rabies vaccines are required every three years. A booster is given 1 year following its four-month puppy vaccine and the given every 3 years.

Bordetella- One form of “Kennel Cough” which causes severe coughing and illness. The infection spreads rapidly from dog to dog in close quarters, such as boarding kennel or grooming facility. Following the two vaccines they receive as puppies, this vaccine is given every 6 months.

Leptospirosis- or “lepto” is a deadly bacterial disease spread by wildlife and domestic animals. Common lepto carriers include raccoons, skunks, possums, squirrels, rats and sometimes other dogs. The lepto bacteria are shed in the urine. Dogs become infected when they come in contact with fresh urine of the infected animals. Lepto is a zoonotic disease meaning it can be passed from dogs to people. There a several variant strains of the lepto. Following the two vaccines they receive as puppies, this vaccine is given every year.

DHPP-This is an immunization that protects against multiple infectious diseases. These diseases include Distemper, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus. The vaccine is given as young as 6 weeks of age, in a series of 3-4 injections. A booster is given 1 year following the final puppy booster and given every three years.

Distemper-A highly contagious viral disease of the domestic dogs that is usually fatal. “It affects the respiratory system causing severe flu like symptoms at first.” The virus eventually infects the brain causing severe neurological damage.

Hepatits- Caine infectious hepatitis is a specific disease of the liver that is caused by a virus. Parainfluenza-A viral respiratory disease.

Parvovirus-“Parvovirus is a contagious disease of the puppy that causes severe, often fatal, bloody diarrhea.

Heartworm disease and prevention life –threatening parasite

Heartworm disease causes serious damage to a dog’s heart, and can be fatal if left uncontrolled and living in the heart of the dog, the adult heartworms can grow up to 14 inches long. They clog the heart and major blood vessels, reducing the blood supply to the lungs, liver and kidneys. Heartworms put stress on the heart and can cause organ failure, which can lead to death. Mosquitoes transmit this harmful parasite from one dog to another. Female heartworms living in a dog’s heart reproduce and release microscopic worms into the dog’s bloodstream. When a mosquito bites and infected dog it picks up these tiny worms in the dogs then passes them along to other dogs. Since the mosquito can bite any dog, virtually all dogs are at risk.

Consider This:

•Heartworms are transmitted by mosquitoes

•Heartworm disease can lead to heart failure and death

•Heartworms are easily to prevent!!!!

•All dogs in Texas are at risk and must be on prevention year round

•Even a dog who does not step outside can get heartworms, mosquitoes do come into your closed in environment. Protecting your dog is easier than ever. There is no need to expose your dog to the risk of heartworm disease when it is so easy to prevent. We recommend a monthly heartworm preventative. The following product is available to prevent heartworms and other intestinal parasites:

Sentinel: Prevents heartworms, controls hookworms, and aids in the removal and control of roundworms, and whipworms.

Fleas, Ticks And Prevention Options

Fleas are parasitic blood-sucking insects that can transmit many diseases in your pets. Adult fleas live on the pet; however, immature forms are in the pet’s environment. There are many different forms of flea preventatives form topical to oral treatments. Ticks are ectoparasites (external parasite), by living on the blood of mammals, bird and occasional reptiles and amphibians. Ticks are important vectors of a number of diseases, including Lyme disease.

• Do shop around for a veterinarian.  Find someone you are extremely comfortable with, remember you will be going to see them at least once a year for a very long time.  Veterinarians also have their own individual fee schedules, so if you call 3 to find out the price you will get 3 completely different prices.  

• Do use the internet to research things you have talked to your vet about, but keep in mind the internet is not always 100% correct.