Crate Training Your Puppy

Goldendoodle Breeder

 

Crate Training: 

Do not allow the dog onto human resting areas (beds, sofas, and chairs) Reason- Leaders control the best sleeping areas.

 

A crate is used to confine a puppy when you are unable to supervise him. If your puppy is given enough time to become comfortable in his crate, it may become one of his favorite spots. Crates can help prevent your puppy from developing bad habits like inappropriate chewing or soiling.

Crates are also good tools for house training. Most dogs will not relieve themselves in the same place where they sleep. If your dog is in the crate when he isn't outside with you or under your supervision in your house, you may be able to stop or even avoid the habit of him going potty indoors.

 

A puppy shouldn't be kept in his crate for more than a few hours at a time. However, he should not have the full run of the house, even when you are home to supervise him. There are too many things in a house for a puppy to chew on, hide under, or get harmed by. Confining him to a kitchen or another small room with a door or baby gate can go a long way in preventing your puppy from developing bad habits.

Remember, a puppy who gets the opportunity to do something he finds enjoyable, such as gnawing on your furniture, is more likely to repeat the behavior. Confinement keeps him from getting these opportunities.

 

The rule of thumb for dog training is “set up for success.” Supervise the puppy at all times until it has learned what it is allowed to chew, and where it is supposed to eliminate. Keeping the puppy on a 10 foot remote leash is an excellent way to keep it in sight, and to train it not to wonder off. This is particularly helpful with a highly investigative puppy or for a very busy household.

At any time that the puppy cannot be supervised, such as throughout the night or when you need go out, house it in a secure area. An escape proof crate, a dog run, or collapsible pen is simple, highly effective, and most important, safe. When selecting your dog’s confinement area it is useful to consider a number o factors. The dog will adapt fastest to the new area if it is associated with rewards. Have the puppy enter the area for all its treats and toys the area should have some warm dry, comfortable bedding and should never be used for punishment. Each time the puppy needs to be confined it should be first well exercised and given the opportunity to eliminate.

 

Choose a crate the same size as your puppy/dog. He/she should only have enough room to stand up, turn around and lie down. His/her crate is for sleeping or for a safe place to be when you cannot be with him. If you get a huge crate for a small dog, he may eliminate in one end and sleep in the other and you will have defeated the whole purpose of using the crate (dogs do not like to eliminate anywhere where they sleep or eat). If you have a puppy who will grow into a 30-40lb dog, you may have to buy two different crate sizes or purchase a crate with a divider you can move as he grows.

 

Crate training is not putting your dog/puppy in a cage or jail, and you are not being cruel if you follow these tips. Dogs feel secure in small, enclosed spaces, like a den as they are denning animals. Dog crates make excellent dens. It is a safe place for him to stay when you're away or when you cannot watch him.   

Watch your own dog around home. Where do you find him/her napping in his deepest sleep? Under the table, desk, chair or in a corner? Yes, somewhere out of the traffic pattern where he has a roof overhead or walls around him/her and a little privacy. A crate offers security, a den with a roof, and a place to call his very own where he can go to get away from it all.

There are basically just a few steps in "crate" training and they are as follows:

 

Use a single-word command for your dog to enter his crate, for example, “BED,KENNEL"; throw in a treat or piece of kibble; when the dog/puppy enters, praise him and close the crate door. Increase the time he spends in the crate before you let him back out. Remember, your dog still needs time to play and eliminate. Maintain a regular schedule of trips outdoors so as not to confine him too long.

 

To make things easier for your pups transition to his/her new home, we have started crate training. From birth the pups have been going into a large crate at night with Mom and now for the past week as they have been weaned they have been going into individual cat carriers at night. The pups generally go to sleep around 10p.m. and wake up at 7 a.m. As this is sleep time for them they are very seldom waking up to go to the bathroom. Now this being said, should they be put in a crate during the day or when they are awake they most likely will not be able to hold their bladder/bowels for such a long period of time.

 

Your puppy has two different cries. One to say “Hey, I need out to use the bathroom” and one that says “I am awake in here and lonely”.  It will take you some time to become accustomed to his/her sounds but remember one thing if your puppy is crying for attention and you take him/her out for cuddles in your bed, the cycle of training may have to be started over as they have now learned that crying means they get out and are given cuddles. Always try to console through the crate rather tan taking out.

 

Always take your puppy/dog outside to the same area in your backyard to eliminate on a leash so you can praise him when his job is finished. This will take the guesswork out of his visits to the backyard. And don't forget to play with him and exercise him. He needs this kind of stimulation for his mental and physical wellness.
Remember, your dog or puppy is a pack animal by nature and he will be looking to you for direction.

 

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    Do not rush to get your puppy out of the crate, we recommend using them until they are at least 10-12 months old.  They usually go through a chewing stage at 7-11 months and many many people have lost corners from furniture because they rushed to get their puppy out of the crate.  After this time, keep your crate and leave the door open on it – your dog will feel comfortable and you will regularly find them sleeping in it. 

 

Reminder: 

Do not use a crate for discipline, it is for supervision only.

 

 

What you need to know about crate-training

 

The first few weeks you have your new puppy are the most formative in several regards. One of the primary behaviors that are essential for your puppy’s life is proper house /crate training. There are several steps to get your puppy trained as quickly as possible, but all steps have a common denominator- consistency.

Crate training relies on your puppy’s natural desire to keep its bed clean.

Every successful experience is important.

Do not confuse your puppy with a modified approach, i.e. paper training.

At night, the crate should be in a responsible person’s bedroom, and the puppy should be taken outside if it wakes in the night. 

Carry the puppy to the same location every time and use the same phrase or command to encourage the puppy to eliminate. Praise every success. As the puppy matures it can walk to the door. 

If the time is right and you know the puppy needs to go but he does not, return the puppy to the rate for five to fifteen minutes and the carry the puppy back outside to the correct site. Praise, praise, praise.

If there is an accident, clean up with enzyme-type pet odor remover. Do not discipline the puppy. Puppies learn to hide when they need to relieve themselves if they fear your reaction. Housetraining is first learned by people then puppies.

Watch for your puppy’s body language. Circling, sniffing, walking backward and pausing in a straddle position are all common prior to elimination.

Puppies need to go outside after sleeping (even a short nap), after eating, before bed, and many times during play. Playtime is when most accidents occur. Restrict your puppy’s access to most of the house. Be sure to put your puppy in its bed (crate) for naps to prevent “after sleeping” accidents. 

Crate training is best for small breeds because they feel safe and secure in a small bed and it restricts their area enough to tap their internal desire to keep the bed clean. The laundry room or playpen is simply too much space.

Crate training is best for large breeds because as they grow older and their chewing needs really influence behavior, 8-18 months of age, your home will be protected from the damage and they are already adjusted and comfortable with the crate. A one-year old doodle can do massive damage to carpet, door moldings, wallpaper and wallboard. In this case, an ounce of prevention is worth hundreds of dollars of cure.

Crate training your pet allows you to include then in all aspects of family life and still maintain control of your home while demonstrating your role as the leader of the pack.

Avoid using the crate for punishment; it is your pet’s safe haven.

Controlling your puppy's mouthing, chewing and biting. Dogs, especially puppies are extremely playful and investigative. While play with people and other dogs is an important part of socialization and social development, exploration and object play are important ways for dogs to learn about their environment. Therefore it is a normal behavior for puppies to investigate their environment by sniffing, tasting and perhaps chewing on objects throughout the home. Dogs that chew may also be scavenging for food (as in garbage raiding), playing (as in the dog chews apart a book or couch), teething (dogs 3 to 6 months of age that chew on household objects (, or satisfying a natural urge to chew and gnaw (which may serve to help

teeth and gums to stay healthy). Some dogs may chew because they receive attention (even if it is negative) or treats form their owners each time they chew, and the owners are inadvertently rewarding the behavior. Chewing and destructive behaviors may also be a response to anxiety. Dogs that are confined in areas where they are insecure may dig and chew in an attempt to escape. Dogs that are in a state of conflict, arousal or anxiety, such as separation anxiety, may turn to chewing and other forms of destructiveness as an outlet.

 

Crate Training

Crate training can be a very effective housebreaking tool, it can also help to reduce separation anxiety and prevent destructive behaviour (such as chewing furniture), to keep puppy away from dangerous household items and to serve as a mobile indoor dog house which can be moved from room to room whenever necessary.

 

Toys and Treats: Place your puppy’s favourite toys and treats at the far end opposite the door opening. Toys that provide entertainment for long periods of time are great. A few great ideas are the KONG or NYLABONE or a BALL.

 

Water: A small hamster-type water dispenser with ice water should be attached to the crate if your puppy is to be confined for more than 3 hours.

 

Bedding: Place a towel or blanket inside the crate to create a soft, comfortable bed for your puppy. Most puppies prefer lying on soft bedding while some may prefer to rest on a hard, flat surface and may push the towel away.

 

 

Location of Crate

 

Whenever possible, place the crate near or next to you when you are home. This will encourage the pup to go inside it without his feeling lonely or isolated when you go out.

 

In order that your puppy associate his/her kennel crate with comfort, security and enjoyment, please follow these guidelines:

 

Occasionally throughout the day, drop small pieces of kibble or dog biscuits in the crate.

 

In the beginning, praise and pet your pup when he enters. Do not try to push, pull or force the puppy into the crate.

 

You may also play this enjoyable and educational game with your puppy: without alerting your puppy, drop a small dog biscuit into the crate. Then call your puppy and say to him, “Where’s the biscuit? It’s in your room.” Use only a friendly, encouraging voice, direct your pup toward his crate. When the puppy discovers the treat, give enthusiastic praise. The biscuit will automatically serve as a primary reward. Your pup should be free to leave its crate at all times during this game. Later on, your puppy’s toy or ball can be substituted for the treat.

 

It is advisable first to crate your pup for short periods of time while you are home with him. In fact, crate training is best accomplished while you are in the room with your puppy. Getting him used to your absence from the room in which he is crated is a good first step. This prevents an association being made with the crate and your leaving him/her alone.

 

Please note: Puppies under 4 months of age have little bladder control and will need to eliminate very frequently. Adjust the crate times accordingly.